IN THE SPOTLIGHT

Midlife Cardiovascular Risk Factors May Increase Chances of Dementia

(NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) A large, long-term study suggests that middle aged Americans who have vascular health risk factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking, have a greater chance of suffering from dementia later in life. The study, published in JAMA Neurology, was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). "With an aging … [Read More...]

DAILY NEWS

Smell Test Could Track Alzheimer’s Progression

(McGill University) Promising finding suggests odour identification tests may help scientists track the evolution of the disease in persons at risk. By the time you start losing your memory, it’s almost too late. That’s because the damage to your brain associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) may already have been going on for as long as twenty years. Which is why there is so much … [Read More...]

Women Have More Active Brains Than Men

(Journal of Alzheimer's Disease) Largest functional brain imaging study to date identifies specific brain differences between women and men, according to a new report in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Amsterdam, NL – In the largest functional brain imaging study to date, the Amen Clinics (Newport Beach, CA) compared 46,034 brain SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) imaging … [Read More...]

Antidepressant Use Increases Risk of Head Injuries Among Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease

(University of Eastern Finland) Antidepressant use is associated with an increased risk of head injuries and traumatic brain injuries among persons with Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. Antidepressant use has previously been linked with an increased risk of falls and hip fractures, but the risk of head injuries has not been studied before. The … [Read More...]

A Personalized Approach to Alzheimer’s Disease Prevention

(American Geriatrics Society) Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking, and behavior. It affects more than 5 million Americans. The Alzheimer's Association estimates that some 16 million people will develop the disease by the year 2050 if an effective treatment is not discovered. Symptoms of AD usually develop slowly and worsen over time. They often … [Read More...]

Blocking a Key Enzyme May Reverse Memory Loss

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) In the brains of Alzheimer's patients, many of the genes required to form new memories are shut down by a genetic blockade, contributing to the cognitive decline seen in those patients. MIT researchers have now shown that they can reverse that memory loss in mice by interfering with the enzyme that forms the blockade. The enzyme, known as HDAC2, turns … [Read More...]

CAREGIVER’S CORNER

Adapting Activities for People with Alzheimer’s Disease

(National Institutes of Health) Doing things we enjoy gives us pleasure and adds meaning to our lives. People with Alzheimer’s disease need to be active and do things they enjoy. However, don’t expect too much. It’s not easy for them to plan their days and do different tasks. People with Alzheimer’s may have trouble deciding what to do each day, … [Read More...]

Resources for Children and Teens About Alzheimer’s Disease

(National Institutes of Health) When someone has Alzheimer’s disease, it affects everyone in the family, including children and grandchildren. This resource list offers a selection of fiction and nonfiction books, articles, websites, and other materials that may help children and teenagers cope when a family member or friend has Alzheimer’s. They … [Read More...]

Managing Medicines for a Person with Alzheimer’s

(National Institutes of Health) People with Alzheimer’s disease may take medicines to treat the disease itself, mood or behavior changes, and other medical conditions. Caregivers can ensure that medicines are taken safely and correctly. Here are some tips to help you manage medications for someone with Alzheimer’s disease. Learn the Basics Know … [Read More...]

Have Fun Today: 101 Things to Do with a Loved One Who Has Alzheimer’s

(ActivityTherapy) Activities can include all aspects of life, including social and religious activities. The two most important activities that you can provide are exercise and music. Exercise and Music Here are some ideas for exercise and music. Exercise You may wish to begin your day with exercise and end the day with exercise. This can be … [Read More...]

7 Myths About Alzheimer’s Disease

(WebMD.com) It's one of the most feared brain diseases: Alzheimer's. It robs people of their memory bit by bit, has no cure -- and with an aging population, shows no sign of slowing down. The media is riddled with stories about its causes, symptoms, and prevention. But some of those reports don't tell the whole story. Here are seven common … [Read More...]

SCIENCE CORNER

Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease: Lessons Learned and Applied

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2017 Aug 2. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14997. [Epub ahead of print] Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease: Lessons Learned and Applied. Galvin JE Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects more than 5 million Americans, with substantial consequences for individuals with AD, families, and society in terms of morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. With disease-modifying treatment trials unsuccessful at the … [Read More...]

Dietary and Lifestyle Guidelines for the Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease

Neurobiol Aging. 2014 Sep;35 Suppl 2:S74-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2014.03.033. Epub 2014 May 14. Dietary and lifestyle guidelines for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease. Barnard ND1, Bush AI2, Ceccarelli A3, Cooper J4, de Jager CA5, Erickson KI6, Fraser G7, Kesler S8, Levin SM9, Lucey B10, Morris MC11, Squitti R12. Abstract Risk of developing Alzheimer's disease is increased by older age, genetic factors, … [Read More...]

Mediterranean Diet and Cognitive Health

PLoS One. 2017 Aug 1;12(8):e0182048. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182048. eCollection 2017. Mediterranean diet and cognitive health: Initial results from the Hellenic Longitudinal Investigation of Ageing and Diet. Anastasiou CA1,2, Yannakoulia M1, Kosmidis MH3, Dardiotis E4, Hadjigeorgiou GM4, Sakka P5, Arampatzi X3, Bougea A6, Labropoulos I7, Scarmeas N2,8. Abstract BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean dietary pattern has … [Read More...]

Physical Exercise as a Preventive or Disease-Modifying Treatment of Dementia and Brain Aging

Mayo Clin Proc. 2011 Sep;86(9):876-84. doi: 10.4065/mcp.2011.0252. Physical exercise as a preventive or disease-modifying treatment of dementia and brain aging. Ahlskog JE1, Geda YE, Graff-Radford NR, Petersen RC. Abstract A rapidly growing literature strongly suggests that exercise, specifically aerobic exercise, may attenuate cognitive impairment and reduce dementia risk. We used PubMed (keywords exercise and … [Read More...]